The HFPP identifies and elevates local laws that seek to promote access to healthy food, and also contribute to strong local economies, an improved environment, and health equity, with a focus on socially disadvantaged and marginalized groups. HFPP is a four-year collaboration of Vermont Law School’s Center for Agriculture and Food Systems, the Public Health Law Center, and the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at the University of Connecticut. This project is funded by the National Agricultural Library, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
This case study relies heavily on information provided during interviews and subsequent communications with Jocelyn Murphy, Planning Manager, Zoning and Land Use, City of Fort Worth (Aug. 23, 2017) and Dave Aftandilian, Texas Christian University Associate Professor of Anthropology and chair of the Tarrant County Food Policy Council Chair’s Working Group on Community Gardens & Urban Agriculture (Sept. 12, 2017). The Healthy Food Policy Project (HFPP) collaborators thank these individuals for their contributions. We have not included citations to the information they have contributed throughout the body of this case study, but have relied upon it unless another source is indicated. Photos are included courtesy of City of Fort Worth, Texas, and Tarrant Area Food Bank’s Learning Garden at Ridglea Christian Church in Fort Worth.
The HFPP also thanks its Advisory Committee members for their guidance and feedback throughout the project. Advisory Committee members are: Emily Broad Leib with the Harvard Food Law and Policy Clinic; Pakou Hang with the Hmong American Farmers Association; Dr. David Procter with the Rural Grocery Initiative at Kansas State University; Dr. Samina Raja with Growing Food Connections at the University of Buffalo; and Kathryn Lynch Underwood with the Detroit Planning Commission.
1 Telephone interview with Dave Aftandilian, Texas Christian University Associate Professor of Anthropology and chair of the Tarrant County Food Policy Council’s Working Group on Community Gardens & Urban Agriculture (Sept. 12, 2017).
2 See Tarrant County Public Health, Tarrant County Food Desert Project: Nutrition Environment Assessment Report (Sept. 30, 2013), http://access.tarrantcounty.com/content/dam/main/public-health/12-19-2013FOOD_DESERT_final_report.pdf.
3 Edward Brown, Food Deserts: A Coalition Works Toward Bringing Fresh Food to Poor Parts of Town, Fort Worth Weekly (Dec. 16, 2015), https://www.fwweekly.com/2015/12/16/food-deserts.
4 See Abby Block, The Face of Hunger in North Texas, the109.org (Oct. 11, 2017), http://the109.org/2017/10/11/the-face-of-hunger-in-north-texas; see also Tarrant County Public Health, Tarrant County Food Desert Project: Nutrition Environment Assessment Report (Sept. 30, 2013), http://access.tarrantcounty.com/content/dam/main/public-health/12-19-2013FOOD_DESERT_final_report.pdf.
5 Atil Arnarson, Why Processed Meat is Bad for You, HealthLine (2017), https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/why-processed-meat-is-bad#section9; Kris Gunnars, Nine Ways that Processed Foods are Harming People, Medical News Today (2017), https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318630.php.
6 Gallup-Sharecare – Well-Being Index, State of American Well-Being: 2016 Community Rankings for Healthy Eating (2015/2016) (a ranking of communities whose residents ate healthy all day the previous day), http://www.well-beingindex.com/2016-community-rankings.
7 Dave Aftandilian, supra note 1.
8 Fort Worth, Growing Good Food in Fort Worth: A Summary of the Proposed Urban Agriculture Amendments to Fort Worth’s Zoning Ordinance (last accessed Oct. 20, 2017), http://fortworthtexas.gov/files/Urban%20Ag%20draft%20final%207.7.2016.pdf.
9 Healthways, Blue Zones Project by Healthways website (last accessed Oct. 30, 2017), http://www.healthways.com/bluezonesproject.
10 Fort Worth Chamber, Improving Well-Being in Fort Worth (last accessed Oct. 20, 2017), https://www.fortworthchamber.com/explore-fort-worth/moving-to-fort-worth/blue-zones.
11 Sarah Bahari, Blue Zones Project Off and Running in Fort Worth, Star-Telegram (Nov. 28, 2015), http://www.star-telegram.com/news/local/community/fort-worth/article47027470.html.
12 Terry Clark et al., Amenities Drive Urban Growth, 24 J. Urban Affairs 5, 493-515 (2002).
15 Telephone interview with Jocelyn Murphy, Planning Manager, Zoning and Land Use Section, City of Forth Worth Planning and Development Department (Aug. 23, 2017).
16 Fort Worth, Growing Good Food in Fort Worth, supra note 8.
17 Nextdoor, https://nextdoor.com/login (last accessed Oct. 20, 2017
18 City of Fort Worth, Ordinance No. 22154-04-2016 (April 21, 2016), http://publicdocuments.fortworthtexas.gov/CSODOCS/0/doc/119737/Page1.aspx.
19 See Tarrant County Food Policy Council website, http://tarrantcountyfoodpolicycouncil.org/?reqp=1&reqr=nzcdYaEvLaE5pv5jLab=.
Key Demographics Table Notes
1 Source: Vintage 2016 Population Estimates: Population Estimates
2 Source: 2010 U.S. Census Bureau, Quick Facts
3 Source: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Profiles
4 Source: 2015 USDA/ERS Food Access Data