POLICY DATABASE
Kansas City, Missouri, Code, § 74-201 et seq. (current through Oct. 20, 2017)
Brief Summary
Establishes and provides regulations for an Urban Agriculture Zones (UAZ) for growers, and small businesses who process or sell (vend) food, on blighted and underutilized land. Qualified UAZs are exempt from property taxes for a time period designated by the city council, up to 25 years. Grower UAZs may receive a rebate to cover water utilization costs, if funds are available. Food vending UAZs are required to have 75% of the food be locally grown, as defined by the law. Local sales taxes collected from sales of agricultural products on the UAZ or by a mobile unit associated with the UAZ are to be deposited in an account designated by the Missouri UAZ Act.
Legal Strategies
Creates an incentive for a change.
Creates an exemption.
Reach
Limited scope. Creates a voluntary program for small busineses and growers, with a tax abatement incentive.
Food System Category: Grow, Process
State: Missouri
Jurisdiction Type: City
Jurisdiction Name: Kansas City
Does the law refer to priority populations in some way?
Yes. "eliminating food deserts" Sec. 74-203 (13); "UAZ vendor license and the ability to accept food stamps under the provisions of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program as a form of payment in selling products to consumers" Sec. 74-203(12).
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to improving or protecting health?
Yes. "The city encourages the use of grower [Urban Agriculture Zones (UAZs)] in a manner that primarily supports the expanded availability of healthy foods intended for human consumption." Sec. 74-206(a).
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal of fostering improved environmental conditions?
Yes. Prioritizes locally grown agricultural products (Sec. 74-207); sustainable land use practices (Sec. 74-203(13)).
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to promoting or supporting the community's economy?
Yes. "creating urban agriculture employment opportunities, expanding local agriculture-related business" and "engaging in community outreach to promote healthier lifestyles and safe and organic gardening practices, and improving access to locally grown, processed and marketed healthy foods." Sec. 74-203 (13).
Does the law include findings (including jurisdiction-specific findings), or are there findings in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
No.
Does the law have a stated intent or purpose, or is there an intent or purpose in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
No.
Does the law include definitions, or are there definitions in the section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. Sec. 74-201.
Does the law address implementation in some way?
Yes. "If an application is determined to be eligible for [Urban Agriculture Zone (UAZ)] designation under the provision of this article and the UAZ Act, then the director shall introduce an ordinance to establish an urban agricultural zone board. "Sec. 74-210. See also Sections 74-203 (application process); 74-215 (reporting); 74-217, -218 (reviewing procedures).
Are there enforcement provisions that identify specific penalties or consequences for non-compliance?
Yes. "If the director determines that any business has violated the provisions of this article or the [Urban Agriculture Zone] Act in such a manner as to render the real property ineligible for the ad valorem property tax abatement, the city shall be entitled to recoup from the business the entirety of the ad valorem property taxes that would have otherwise been due and payable but for their abatement." Sec. 74-216.
Does the law include an evaluation component, beyond reporting on activity?
Yes. "Those businesses within a UAZ shall submit an annual report to the director no later than May 1 of each calendar year." Sec. 74-215.
Does the law require an extra or atypical financial or resource investment?
No.
Code context and ordinance history
Chapter 74, Kansas City Redevelopment Ordinance; Article VI-Urban Agriculture Zone. History: Ord. No. 140287 , § 1, 5-1-14.