POLICY DATABASE
Troy, N.Y., Code Chapter 83, Art. III (current through Dec. 12, 2016)
Brief Summary
Provides for the establishment of a community land bank to allow for disposition of blighted or abandoned property in ways that will benefit and improve the community. Beneficial uses include: housing; economic development that creates jobs for community residents; community facilities that provide needed services and enrichment opportunities; urban agriculture; and other uses.
Legal Strategies
Expressly allows something.
Requires something, sets standards.
Reach
Community-wide
Food System Category: Grow, Get
State: New York
Jurisdiction Type: City
Jurisdiction Name: Troy
Does the law refer to priority populations in some way?
Unclear. States: "A land bank should prioritize long-term community and economic development, protecting and restoring the integrity of neighborhoods, creating a positive economic impact through Troy as a whole …." § 83-17(C).
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to improving or protecting health?
No.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal of fostering improved environmental conditions?
No.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to promoting or supporting the community's economy?
Yes. Refers to "Vacant lots and structures harm the safety and economic strength of individual blocks and neighborhoods;" (§ 83-17(A)); "Mitigate costs, spur investment and improve property values within the land bank area;" (§ 83-17(B)); "Prioritize long-term community and economic development" (§ 83-17(C)).
Does the law include findings (including jurisdiction-specific findings), or are there findings in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. "The City ... recognizes that blight, vacant lots and structures harm the safety and economic strength of individual blocks and neighborhoods, as well as the City ... as a whole. It further recognizes that the existence of the vacant, abandoned and tax-delinquent properties forces a municipality to absorb the financial losses related to unpaid school, county and City taxes as well as the increased costs of maintenance and fire and police responses to these areas." § 83-17(A).
Does the law have a stated intent or purpose, or is there an intent or purpose in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. The intent "is to provide proactive tools to mitigate costs, spur investment and improve property values within the land bank area. The land bank would ensure clear, transparent and efficient operations by serving as a single entity to acquire, hold and dispose of vacant property with the participation and approval of City Council.... A land bank should prioritize long-term community and economic development, protecting and restoring the integrity of neighborhoods, creating a positive economic impact through Troy as a whole, and should adopt disposition policies that encourage a range of beneficial uses" including urban agriculture. § 83-17 (A)-(B).
Does the law include definitions, or are there definitions in the section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. § 83-18.
Does the law address implementation in some way?
Yes. Board members have the power "to organize and reorganize the executive, administrative, clerical, and other departments of the land bank and to fix the duties, powers, and compensation of all employees, agents, and consultants of the land bank." § 83-20(F). Board also has authority to adopt bylaws and other rules and regulations for the land bank's business. § 83-20(H).
Are there enforcement provisions that identify specific penalties or consequences for non-compliance?
No.
Does the law include an evaluation component, beyond reporting on activity?
No.
Does the law require an extra or atypical financial or resource investment?
No.
Code context and ordinance history
Part I, Administrative Legislation; Chapter 83 (Property, City Owned); Article III (Troy Community Land Bank). History: Adopted 6-5-2014 by Ord. No. 20.