POLICY DATABASE
Wayne County, Mich., Code tit VII, ch. 162 (current throught Oct. 21, 2016)
Brief Summary
Prohibits use of artificial trans-fat in foods served in jails, senior services, juvenile detention facilities.
Legal Strategies
Requires something, sets standards.
Prohibits/discourages something.
Reach
Community-wide
Food System Category: Distribute, Get
State: Michigan
Jurisdiction Type: County
Jurisdiction Name: Wayne County
Does the law refer to priority populations in some way?
Yes. "Sec. 162-4. - Prohibited conduct. (a) Except as provided in section 162-3(c), Wayne County jail facilities and the juvenile detention facility shall not use in preparation of any menu item or serve food containing artificial trans fat, including food that is served in the original sealed package of the manufacturer. Senior citizens services shall comply with all general requirements for the elderly as established and adopted by the State of Michigan Office of Services to the Aging.".
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to improving or protecting health?
Yes. (4) According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, more than 12.5 million Americans have coronary heart disease, and more than 500,000 die each year. That makes coronary heart disease one of the leading causes of death in the United States.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal of fostering improved environmental conditions?
No.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to promoting or supporting the community's economy?
No.
Does the law include findings (including jurisdiction-specific findings), or are there findings in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. Several findings are included, e.g,: (1) That artificial trans fat is made when manufacturers add hydrogen to vegetable oil, a process called hydrogenation, to increase the shelf life and flavor stability of foods containing these fats.... (4) According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, more than 12.5 million Americans have coronary heart disease, and more than 500,000 die each year. That makes coronary heart disease one of the leading causes of death in the United States.... (6) According to statistical information gathered in 2006 by the Michigan Department of Community Health: a. Heart disease has been the leading cause of death in Michigan for decades. b. Michigan has the sixth worst age-adjusted coronary heart disease death rate of the 50 United States. ....(7) Wayne County's jail medical costs have increased 300 percent over the past few years. (8) Wayne County spends over $300,000.00 general fund dollars per year on foods that contain artificial trans fat. § 162-2.
Does the law have a stated intent or purpose, or is there an intent or purpose in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
No.
Does the law include definitions, or are there definitions in the section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
No.
Does the law address implementation in some way?
Yes. (c) Documentation instead of labels. Instead of providing the original label, the Wayne County jail facilities may provide documentation from the manufacturer of a food, indicating whether the food contains vegetable shortening, margarine, any kind of partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, or indicating trans fat content.
Are there enforcement provisions that identify specific penalties or consequences for non-compliance?
No.
Does the law include an evaluation component, beyond reporting on activity?
No.
Does the law require an extra or atypical financial or resource investment?
No.
Code context and ordinance history
"Wayne County, Michigan - Code of Ordinances TITLE VII. - HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Chapter 162 - BAN ON ARTIFICIAL TRANS FAT ORDINANCE Sec. 162-3. - Artificial trans fat. History: (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 1, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 2, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 3, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 4, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 5, eff. 6-7-07).".