POLICY DATABASE
Food, Environmental, and Economic Development in the District of Columbia Act of 2010, DC Law 18-353 (April 7, 2011)
Brief Summary
This uncodified law created a program to support and encourage grocery stores and other healthy food retail outlets. It includes incentives and assistance for developing or improving grocery stores and corner stores, farmers markets and small stores. It created the DC Healthy Food Retail Program, which provides assistance for small retailers seeking to sell healthy foods in underserved communities; created the Grocery Store Development Program to assist retailers in building or renovating grocery stores in eligible areas, and requires and encourages eligible stores to hire DC residents, and also supports energy efficiency in corner stores. It also creates a working group to facilitate healthy food distribution for corner stores.
Legal Strategies
Creates an incentive for a change.
Creates a fund, enables access to a funding stream.
Reach
Limited scope. It sets up a program, that encourages voluntary participation and creates opportunities but not requirements.
Food System Category:
State: District of Columbia
Jurisdiction Type: Other
Jurisdiction Name: Washington D.C.
Does the law refer to priority populations in some way?
Yes. Requires eligible grocery stores and corner stores/farmers markets/small stores to accept or apply to accept SNAP and apply for WIC (see e.g., Sec. 202 (A)(1)&(2); Sec. 302 (A); also gives priority to stores in "underserved" areas (Sec. 201 C (2)(B)).
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to improving or protecting health?
Yes. Requires eligible grocery stores to sell "fresh produce and healthy foods" (see Sec. 202 (a) (4); eligible stores must agree in writing to this and other terms.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal of fostering improved environmental conditions?
Yes. Sec. 304 requires the development of "tools and resources for corner stores to reduce their operating costs by becoming more energy efficient;" and promotion of "energy efficiency programs to corner stores.".
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to promoting or supporting the community's economy?
Yes. Section 201 (a) refers to creating "quality jobs for District residents;" Sec. 202 requires eligible grocery stores to enter into "First Source" agreements (which give unemployed DC residents preference in hiring--see Sec. 2-219.03); Sec. 302 A(3) encourages eligible corner and small stores to hire District residents; Sections 202 (c) and 302 (c) requires stores to agree in writing to honor DC resident hiring preference.
Does the law include findings (including jurisdiction-specific findings), or are there findings in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
No.
Does the law have a stated intent or purpose, or is there an intent or purpose in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
No.
Does the law include definitions, or are there definitions in the section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. Sec. 101.
Does the law address implementation in some way?
Yes. Includes multiple directions for implementing the law.
Are there enforcement provisions that identify specific penalties or consequences for non-compliance?
No.
Does the law include an evaluation component, beyond reporting on activity?
No.
Does the law require an extra or atypical financial or resource investment?
Yes. To create grants and other financial assistance; provide technical assistance, to support working groups.
Code context and ordinance history
Uncodified version of law amending Chapter 38 of Title 7 of DC's code (47-3801 and 3802) relating to property tax exemptions for grocery stores; created a healthy food retail program. Created new sections of law in Title 2 (Government Administration); Chapter 12 (Business and Economic Development); , Subchptr VI-A (Commercial Food Store Development). Codified version available at: https://beta.code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/2/chapters/12/subchapters/VI-A/.