Lansing Charter Township, Mich., Code § 27-3(b) (current through Sep. 4, 2014)
This provision is part of a comprehensive complete street law and requires the township to prioritize completes streets projects that that are located near public service areas and that provide improved access to healthy food (e.g., farmers markets, full service groceries, community gardens, etc.).
Requires something, sets standards. Creates an incentive for a change.
Food System Category: Get
Jurisdiction Type: Township
Jurisdiction Name: Lansing
Does the law refer to priority populations in some way?
Yes. The use of the term "assistive device" as a mode of transportation in the definition of "complete streets infrastructure" indicates an aim to accommodate persons with disabilities. § 27-2.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to improving or protecting health?
Yes. See, e.g., references to the following language: "promote the public health;" "walking, bicycling;" "improve the public welfare by addressing a wide array of health and environmental problems;" and "healthy food." §§ 27-1, -3.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal of fostering improved environmental conditions?
Yes. See, e.g., references to the following language "improve the public welfare by addressing a wide array of health and environmental problems;" "walking, bicycling, and public transportation." § 27-1.
Does the law refer to or suggest a goal related to promoting or supporting the community's economy?
Unclear. See this language: "provide for the orderly growth and harmonious development of the township." § 27-1.
Does the law include findings (including jurisdiction-specific findings), or are there findings in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Does the law have a stated intent or purpose, or is there an intent or purpose in the larger section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. Purpose "is to regulate and control the subdivision of land within the corporate limits of the township in order to: (1) Promote the public health, safety, comfort, convenience, and general welfare for walking, bicycling, and public transportation and to encourage increased use of these modes of transportation; (2) Enable convenient travel as part of daily activities, improve the public welfare by addressing a wide array of health and environmental problems, and meet the needs of all inhabitants of the township; (3) Provide for the orderly growth and harmonious development of the township consistent with the comprehensive development plan and the zoning ordinance; (4) Secure adequate traffic circulation to the roadways, streets and highways; to achieve the maximum utility and livability on individual parcels; and (5)Provide logical procedures for the achievement of these purposes." § 27-1.
Does the law include definitions, or are there definitions in the section, title, article, or chapter which the law is part of?
Yes. § 27-2.
Does the law address implementation in some way?
Yes. Numerous implementation steps are prescribed at section 27-3. For example "[t]he township shall develop and review standards to implement complete streets infrastructure;" and "[t]he township shall review and...either revise or develop proposed revisions to all appropriate plans, zoning and subdivision ordinances/codes, laws, procedures, rules, regulations, guidelines, programs, templates, and design manuals, including the comprehensive plan of the township to integrate, accommodate, and balance the needs of all users in all street projects on public and private streets." § 27-3.
Are there enforcement provisions that identify specific penalties or consequences for non-compliance?
Unclear. This language is included at Chapter 29: "violation of any of the provisions of this title shall constitute a class I offense." § 29-1.
Does the law include an evaluation component, beyond reporting on activity?
Yes. "An assessment will be presented to the township board of trustees by township staff within one year following the effective date of this chapter regarding: (1) the steps taken to implement this chapter; (2) outcomes of the measures mentioned in subsections (a) and (b) above; (3) additional steps planned; and (4) any desired actions that would need to be taken by the township or other agencies or departments to implement the steps taken or planned;" and "The township will be charged with the drafting and review of policies to implement the complete streets practices by: (1) addressing short-term and long-term steps and planning necessary to create a comprehensive and integrated transportation network serving the needs of all users; (2) assessing potential obstacles to implementing complete streets practices throughout the township, and identifying alternative solutions to those obstacles; (3) if useful, recommending adoption of policies containing additional steps; and (4) proposing revisions to the comprehensive plan, zoning and subdivision ordinances/codes, and other applicable laws to integrate, accommodate, and balance the needs of all users in all street projects. Township staff shall report on the matters within its purview to the township board of trustees." § 27-4.
Does the law require an extra or atypical financial or resource investment?
Unclear. Because the law requires changes to physical environment and infrastructure, there could be costs incurred.
Code context and ordinance history
Section 27-3 (Requirement of infrastructure ensuring safe travel) is located in Title II (Control and Use of Public Streets, Sidewalks, Sewers), Chapter 27 (Complete Streets). History: Ord. No. 66, § 1, 9-13-11.