This law establishes supplemental use regulations for community gardens. Topics addressed include size limitations, environmental permit requirements, noise limitations, maintenance responsibilities, signage and use of chemicals, etc. Limitations of this law include that it prohibits on-site sales and expressly provides that "[c]ommunity gardens shall not be considered as principal agricultural uses and shall not be construed so as to qualify for agricultural tax exemptions afforded by the local, state, or federal government."
This policy may correspond to diet-related strategies identified by the County Health Rankings’ What Works for Health tool, including:
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We understand that this information is not comprehensive. It also does not include other important forms of evidence such as community members’ lived experiences and practice-based evidence.
Purpose refers to a goal of avoiding adverse environmental impacts (§ 10-6.816(1)). Also states that an environmental permit may be necessary for gardens larger than half an acre (§ 10-6.816 (4) (b)); if pesticides or other chemicals are used, they are used in accordance with their labels and other law (§ 10-6.816 (4) (e)); and gardens must follow other applicable environmental management standards (§ 10-6.816 (4) (f)).
Law forbids on-site sales or wholesale sale of produce/crops, but expressly allows sales at farmers' markets. § 10-6.816 (4) (g).
"To allow groups of people, to grow food crops and/or non-food ornamental crops on a not-for-profit basis, except as expressly provided herein, without creating adverse environmental impact or land use incompatibilities." § 10-6.816(1). Law does not apply to "any garden established as an accessory use to a lawfully established principal residential use providing for the personal enjoyment and consumption" for the person who owns the property where the garden is. § 10-6.816(2). See also § 10-6.801: "The purpose of this division is to provide supplementary development regulations for specific uses requiring additional development standards."
§ 10-6.102 (but does not define "community garden").
With respect specifically to community gardens of greater than one-half acre in size, any person wishing to establish the same "shall be required to contact the department of development support and environmental management to determine whether an environmental permit shall be required as a prerequisite. The county may limit or restrict the establishment of a community garden due to the existence of environmentally sensitive areas on the property." (§ 10-6.816 (4) (b).) In addition, more generally, Division II of Article VI, Zoning, addresses various administrative details with respect to issues such as permits, certificates and licenses etc. However, the provisions do not appear specific to section 10-6.816. See §§ 10-6.202 - .206.
The specified penalties are limited to cost of enforcing compliance. (""If the county administrator or designee finds that any of the provisions of this article are being violated, he shall notify in writing the person responsible for such violation, indicating the nature of the violation and ordering the action necessary to correct it. The county administrator or designee shall order the discontinuance of illegal uses of land...discontinuance of any illegal work being done; or shall take any other action authorized by this article to ensure compliance with or to prevent violation of its provisions. All expenses, including attorney fees, associated with required remedial action shall be the obligation of the party in violation. "") See § 10-6.203 (b).
Section 10-6.816 is located in Chapter 10 - Land Development Code / Article VI. - Zoning / Division 8. - Supplementary Regulations For Specific Uses. History: Ord. No. 09-03, § 2, 1-15-09; Ord. No. 12-17, § 2, 12-11-12.