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POLICY DATABASE
Policy Summary

Prohibits use of artificial trans-fat in foods served in jails, senior services, juvenile detention facilities.

Background Information

State Michigan
Jurisdiction Name Wayne County
Jurisdiction Type County,
Population Size 800,000+
Legal Strategies
  • Requires something, sets standards
  • Prohibits/discourages something
Reach Community-wide
Food System Category Distribute; Get;

Policy Details

Refers to priority populations?
Yes

"Sec. 162-4. - Prohibited conduct. (a) Except as provided in section 162-3(c), Wayne County jail facilities and the juvenile detention facility shall not use in preparation of any menu item or serve food containing artificial trans fat, including food that is served in the original sealed package of the manufacturer. Senior citizens services shall comply with all general requirements for the elderly as established and adopted by the State of Michigan Office of Services to the Aging."

Health-related goal?
Yes

(4) According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, more than 12.5 million Americans have coronary heart disease, and more than 500,000 die each year. That makes coronary heart disease one of the leading causes of death in the United States.

Environmental goal?
No

Economic goal?
No

Includes findings?
Yes

Several findings are included, e.g,: (1) That artificial trans fat is made when manufacturers add hydrogen to vegetable oil, a process called hydrogenation, to increase the shelf life and flavor stability of foods containing these fats.... (4) According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health, more than 12.5 million Americans have coronary heart disease, and more than 500,000 die each year. That makes coronary heart disease one of the leading causes of death in the United States.... (6) According to statistical information gathered in 2006 by the Michigan Department of Community Health: a. Heart disease has been the leading cause of death in Michigan for decades. b. Michigan has the sixth worst age-adjusted coronary heart disease death rate of the 50 United States. ....(7) Wayne County's jail medical costs have increased 300 percent over the past few years. (8) Wayne County spends over $300,000.00 general fund dollars per year on foods that contain artificial trans fat. § 162-2

Has a stated intent or purpose?
No

Includes definitions?
No

Addresses implementation?
Yes

(c) Documentation instead of labels. Instead of providing the original label, the Wayne County jail facilities may provide documentation from the manufacturer of a food, indicating whether the food contains vegetable shortening, margarine, any kind of partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, or indicating trans fat content.

Enforcement provisions?
No

Evaluation component?
No

Requires extra investment?
No

Code context and ordinance history

"Wayne County, Michigan - Code of Ordinances TITLE VII. - HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Chapter 162 - BAN ON ARTIFICIAL TRANS FAT ORDINANCE Sec. 162-3. - Artificial trans fat. History: (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 1, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 2, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 3, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 4, eff. 6-7-07) (Ord. No. 2007-283, § 5, eff. 6-7-07)."